There are loads of phrasal verbs in English, and I’ve tried to pick those that are absolutely indispensable in everyday life. In my experience these are the most commonly used phrasal verbs, at least I hear them all the time.
1) Pop in
It means to go somewhere briefly. You usually pop into a shop, to a greengrocer’s, to a pharmacy, that kind of thing.
– Once you’re ready, it’s good to get out at least once a day, even if it’s just to pop to the local shop. A change of scene will make you feel better, while your baby benefits from fresh air (BBC).
– Why don’t you pop in and see us this afternoon? (Cambridge Online Dictionary)
2) Turn up
It has several meanings, but the most common, in my experience, are ‘to come somewhere, especially without any prior arrangement’ or ‘to happen’.
– She failed to turn up for work on Monday (MacMillan Dictionary).
– She said she’d let me know if anything new turned up (Cambridge Online Dictionary).
3) Top up
You can top up your phone, in other words, pay for it. Or you can add more water to a teapot or a cup to make it full. So, if you’re having tea in a café you can ask for a top-up. It’s something I didn’t know until I was actually offered one.
– Top up with £15 for unlimited calls, texts and 100MB of data (for once text messages from my mobile operator came in handy).
– Complimentary top-up on tea and coffee (newinnharborne.co.uk).
Here’s an interesting account of the differences between ‘a top up’ (British English) and ‘a refill’ (American English).
4) Drop off / Pick up
These are really useful if you’re driving or you ask somebody to drive you somewhere. They pick you up at a certain place and then they drop you off.
– Can you drop the kids off at school this morning? (MacMillan Dictionary).
– A truck picks up the recycling once a week (Cambridge Online Dictionary).
5) Come up with
It means to think of something, such as an idea or a plan. However, I’ve written about this phrasal verb before.
P.S. And here are some links to Top 10 Phrasal Verbs and an Infographic of Most Common Phrasal Verbs.